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Sleep is crucial for good health as it allows the body to rest and recover. This improves your mental, physical and emotional well-being. Research has shown that there are significant differences in sleeping patterns for men and women. Various factors affect the quality and quantity of sleep. However, there are ways to improve your rest , including looking for the best mattress for hot sleeper.
Researchers and scientists continue to study the differences in rest for men and women. They look at how rest disorders affect each gender and how the quality and quantity of rest differ between men and women.
Sleep Needs for Men and Women
Men and women have the same rest needs, which range between seven and nine hours of rest . Even so, women in the United States tend to rest more than men. However, women also experience lower quality rest and more rest fragmentation. As such, they tend to rest more to compensate for the low-quality rest.
Rest varies significantly from one person to another, and it’s affected by various factors. The studies on the quality and quantity of rest do not necessarily reflect the entire population but an aggregate. Here are some factors that influence the differences in rest for men and women.
Factors Influencing Differences in Rest for Men and Women
There are gender-based factors and sex-based factors that influence the differences. Sex-based factors refer to biological elements such as rest cycles, hormone production, and circadian rhythm. On the other hand, gender-based factors include cultural and social differences. These factors have many different aspects leading to sophisticated circumstances that uniquely affect both men and women.
Most people experience sex-based differences during puberty, where there are major changes in hormone production. Gender-based differences manifest over time as a result of biological changes. They may also start at an earlier age as they represent comprehensive cultural and social patterns.
Men and women have different rest cycles, which affect how they rest . There are usually five rest cycles in a normal night of rest . The cycles have specific rest stages, including rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM.
The initial stages one and two involve lighter rest . In the third stage, or deep rest , the brain and muscles relax as your breathing slows down. In the fourth stage, you experience vivid dreams and increased brain activity. Your progression through the different stages of rest is called rest architecture. Women’s rest architecture involves long periods of deep rest and shortened periods of light rest .
Changes in hormone production at different points in life can cause major rest ing problems, especially for women. During the menstrual cycle, a woman might experience lower production of hormones like progesterone and estrogen. This may disrupt the quality and quantity of rest.
During pregnancy, a woman may experience hormonal changes that affect their rest architecture. This is usually experienced in the first trimester, and it may worsen as she approaches the third trimester. Most women experience rest ing problems and insomnia after giving birth.
During menopause, a woman may experience problems rest ing due to changes brought by hormones. Women do not have their periods during menopause, and this affects the production of hormones. This also affects the circadian rhythm causing sweating at night and hot flashes.
Disparities in circadian rhythm between men and women can affect the quality and quantity of rest . The circadian rhythm regulates the internal processes and systems in the body. It coordinates body functions during the day.
When you have a healthy circadian rhythm, you experience healthy rest routines. This makes you feel awake during the day and sleepy during the night. If your circadian rhythm is not in sync with your rest schedule, you will likely experience poor quality rest and dizziness during the day.
Men and women have different circadian rhythms, with women having shorter rhythms. This means they are more likely to rest earlier than men and also wake up earlier.
Men are affected by changes in hormone production due to age. As a man grows older, there is a reduction in the production of hormones and an increase in cortisol levels which is a stress hormone. This can result in poor rest quality and increased awakenings.
Low testosterone levels in aging men can lead to reduced rest quality. It can also lead to breathing disorders such as obstructive rest apnea.
Read also 10 Benefits of Sleeping Naked
Common Sleep Disorders for Men
Various rest disorders affect men, including rest apnea, insomnia, and restless leg syndrome. Men have a lower risk of suffering from insomnia than women. They also experience fewer insomnia symptoms than women.
Insomnia can be acute or chronic. Acute insomnia lasts for a short period, while chronic insomnia lasts longer. Insomnia is usually caused by stress, drug and substance use, and certain medications.
Obstructive rest apnea is characterized by interrupted breathing while sleeping, and it’s more common in men. It is more prevalent in men between the ages of 30 and 70. People suffering from obstructive rest apnea experience reduced rest quality, depression, heart problems, among other health problems.
Restless leg syndrome is more common in women. It is characterized by an urge to move the legs due to an unpleasant sensation. It can affect men at any age, but it’s more prevalent in older men.
Narcolepsy is a rest disorder where a person tends to rest excessively during the day. A person finds it’s hard to stay awake as they face sudden attacks of rest . This can affect their productivity during the day and interrupt commitments.
Men are usually hot sleepers meaning they constantly feel hot at night and wake up several times. This often leads to insomnia and other health problems. There are various ways to stay comfortable at night, especially if you are a hot sleeper.
Using a cooling mattress can help you stay cool during the night. You can also use breathable sheets and ensure that the mattress is on a platform so air can circulate. Additionally, you can also rest in pajamas made of breathable fabric like linen or cotton. Other measures include opening the window, taking a cold shower, and using a fan.
How Does Sleeping with a Partner Affect Your Sleep
Many studies on sleeping patterns usually focus on individuals. However, sleeping with a partner can affect your rest quality. Most studies conclude that you are more likely to rest better alone than with a partner. However, most couples say that they rest better with a partner as it gives them a sense of calmness and safety.
Couples have different experiences during rest , with some enjoying better rest while others do not. Other factors that affect rest in couples are age and snoring, which can interrupt a sleeping partner. Additionally, differences in sleeping schedules and circadian rhythm can also lead to rest disruptions.
Getting quality rest will improve your overall health and productivity. Investing in a quality bed and mattress will ensure rest well at night. If you live alone in a bachelor’s pad, a quality mattress can help relieve back pain and pressure points.